Why South Korea is So Rich? The competition for Korea’s most notorious artistic import is now closed. With further than 3 billion views, Gangnam Style has done further to put South Korea on the chart than anything differently. The videotape portrays South Korea as confident, swish and prosperous. What’s remarkable is how snappily South Korea came one of the most advanced husbandry in the world. In 1960, the average South Korean was poorer than the average person in Senegal, Honduras, or the Philippines but now they're further than ten times richer. How did that happen? What was the secret? When the Second World War ended in 1945, Koreans were among the happiest people on earth. The Japanese had enthralled and exploited Korea since 1910, and now they were gone. However Korea’s joy didn't last long. The promontory suffered two fresh disasters. 1) The first was the division of their land into a Communist North, supported by China and Russia, and South Korea, which was dominated by the USA. 2) The second was the war between these two Korea (North & South Korea) and their abettors. further than two million Koreans were killed. Both North and South were devastated by the time the war ended in 1953. Still, the trauma of the first half of the 20th century laid important foundations for the triumphs of the alternate half. Wartime deportees fled to the metropolises, creating an civic labour force for new manufactories. Land reform in the country meant that millions in South Korea now possessed the land they tended. These new proprietors had the incitement and the stability to be entrepreneurial. They also wanted their children to get an education and a better life. South Korea erected thousands of seminaries after 1953, which handed a largely educated pool.None of this, still, was enough to jumpstart the South Korean frugality, which was still stagnant in 1960. Nor was the$6.6 billion bones the US gave to its strategically located Asian supporter between 1946 and 1978 — although American plutocrat clearly helped.( For comparison, the US gave$6.9 billion to all of Africa during the same period.)It was the opinions of the South Korean government after 1960 that made the difference, especially those associated with the chairman who controlled the country for 15 times after 1963 — Park Chung- hee.Park was deeply nationalistic and he was determined that his country would be free of foreign influence. He saw that the only way that would be was if South Korea was economically strong and tone- reliant. He thus geared the state for rapid-fire growth.Park believed that industrialization was the stylish path to profitable success, and he was right manufactures are nearly always more profitable than fields. In the morning, this meant assembling goods designed in Japan and light assiduity similar as toupee timber. But the results were emotional — the South Korean frugality was growing at 9 a time by the mid-1960’s, and exports by 29.In 1972 Park, who by this stage had nearly dictatorial powers, decided to push the frugality towards indeed further growth. The government invested in heavy assiduity — sword, petrochemicals, buses , electronics, and shipbuilding. South Korea snappily came a technological power in its own right — not just a place where the Japanese and others could manufacture their creations. The result was indeed lesser profitability for South Korean companies and rising wealth and living norms for nearly everyone.South Korea’s profitable growth during the alternate half of the twentieth century was an extraordinary achievement. still, that growth had its costs. Democracy faded while Park was in control. Businesses were free to treat workers inadequately as a result. numerous people lived in slums. Government support for the vulnerable in society was frequently lacking. And a group of companies known as the chaebols( including Hyundai, Samsung and LG), entered preferential treatment from the government, similar as duty breaks and cheap loans. Their share of the frugality increased from 15 to 67 in the decade after 1974. South Korea was successful, but it was hardly an illustration of free request capitalism.Park deserves credit for feting that industrialization was the stylish way to insure his country was rich, strong, and secure, and for pursuing this course against the advice of his American abettors who wanted South Korea to make hairpieces, not circuit boards.Park was assassinated in 1979, after which South Korea sluggishly came more popular. currently, the country boasts some of the world’s most reputed companies, specially Samsung and LG. South Korea now has the combination of political liberty and profitable success that people in the West like to suppose is normal.South Korea is veritably different from the country it was in 1960. The easiest way to see how important it has prospered is to look at the women on the Gangnam Style videotape( despite their incorporation as “ sexy ladies ”). On average youthful women in South Korea are 20 cm( 8 elevation) high than their great- grandmothers a century agone , due to better health and nutrition. It’s the biggest increase you ’ll find anywhere in the world.